MPO IF-4000 Ultra Interferential System with Russan Stimulation
Medical Products Online Ultra Interferential System with Russian Stimulation and its advanced in portable unit technology enables you to bring this much-appreciated modality home with the patient, allowing more frequent and less costly treatments.
Conventional TENS and Muscle stimulators deliver most of the stimulation directly under the electrodes. Thus, with Interferential Stimulators, current perfuses to greater depths and over a larger volume of tissue than other forms of electrical therapy.
When current is applied to the skin, capacitive skin resistance decreases as pulse frequency increases. For example, at a frequency of 4,000 Hz (Interferential unit) capacitive skin resistance is eighty (80) times lower than with a frequency of 50 Hz (in the TENS range). Thus, Interferential current crosses the skin with greater ease and with less stimulation of cutaneous nociceptors allowing greater patient comfort during electrical stimulation.
In addition, because medium-frequency (Interferential) current is tolerated better by the skin, the dosage can be increased, thus improving the ability of the Interferential current to permeate tissues and allowing easier access to deep structures.
Will an Interferential device work for me? Interferential Therapy has been used extensively for managing post-surgical, post-traumatic acute pain, edema and inflammation reduction. It has been used successfully for a wide variety of chronic pain and procedures such as:
Hernia Repair Gall Bladder
Neurosurgery / Orthopedic
Back / Neck Surgery Hip/Joint Repair ACL Repair Carpal Tunnel
Obstetrics / Gynecology
Gynecologic Laparotomy Cesarean Section
Hip Replacement Arthrotomy Fractures Sports Injuries Joint Mobilization
Hammer Toes Bunionectomy
What Is Interferential Therapy?
Interferential therapy, during the past ten years, has increased in popularity to the point that it is now perhaps the most widely used form of electrotherapy in the United States.
First developed in Europe, where this unique form of stimulation has been utilized for numerous indications, interferential units have been marketed since the early 1950's.
It seems, however, that a great deal of confusion, mystery and perhaps even misinformation still exists concerning this therapy. The purpose of this article is to shed some light on areas that may be confusing to the clinician, share information on proper treatment protocols and offer a few insights into treating patients with interferential therapy effectively and safely.
"TRUE INTERFERENTIAL" VS. "PRE-MODULATE INTERFERENTIAL"
The original concept of interferential therapy was developed by Austrian physician, Dr. Hans Nemec, approximately forty years ago. Dr. Nemec proposed that by crossing two slightly different medium frequency alternating currents within the tissue; a third frequency current of greater intensity is created in the deeper tissue. As an example, a frequency of 4000Hz interfering with another frequency of 4080Hz creates a third current of 80Hz. This is caused by the in phase and out of phase relationship of the two original currents as they alternate from positive to negative polarity.
The third current, referred to as the "beat frequency" becomes the actual therapeutic frequency. One output of the unit is a constant 4000Hz while the second output frequency is adjustable from perhaps 4001Hz to as much as 4250Hz. This form of interferential therapy has become known as "true interferential frequency difference interferential".
A second method of creating the interference effect has been developed in recent years and has become known as "pre-modulated interferential". With this method, both outputs of the unit provide a carrier frequency of 4000Hz, however, each output has the ability to pre-modulate or burst the frequency within the unit. It is important that this unit has the capability of perfectly synchronizing these bursts in the same polarity, at the same time in order to create "pre-modulated interferential" Units capable of pre-modulation are not necessarily pre-modulated interferential and may only provide pre-modulation for the purpose of bi-polar (two electrodes) stimulation.
When considering the relative merits of these two methods, many clinicians have noted that while both create the interference effect, there may be a distinct advantage to the pre-modulated technique. Since the "true interferential" provides an uninterrupted, constant 4000Hz frequency to the tissue, a condition known as Widensky inhibition (depolarization of the nerve fibers) will occur beneath the electrodes. This will create numbness and what will be perceived by the patient as a reduction in the intensity of current. With pre-modulated interferential, however, since the current is being burst inside the unit itself, Widensky inhibition will not occur and a larger treatment area is established with the actual therapeutic frequency.
ELECTRODES, CONTACT AND SAFETY Virtually all interferential clinical units are supplied with carbon rubber electrodes. The clinician should be aware that either water soaked sponges or a conducting gel should always be used between the electrode and the tissue. This will insure a uniform contact and provide for even disbursement of the current over the entire surface area of the electrode. If water only is used as a conductive agent, pooling may occur with resulting dry spots under the electrode. The current will then become intensified at the site of best conduction, the water pools, with little or no current flow elsewhere. With "true interferential" units this could result in over stimulation of tissue under the water pools and even possible tissue burns as depolarized tissue will not be able to sense the over stimulation.
While some interferential units still offer the vacuum electrode system, many clinicians have discontinued their use. Extra maintenance, tissue bruising and uneven current flow have been cited as reasons for a reduction in the popularity of vacuum systems.
Self adhesive electrodes are rapidly becoming the favorite of clinicians due to the ease of use, patient acceptance and elimination of possible cross-contamination. Difficult to apply areas such as shoulders, hips and the cervical spine are easily treated with the self-adhesive electrodes. Also, recent improvements in adhesive agents have made longer use possible and prices have been reduced substantially. If carbon rubber electrodes are used, care should be taken to insure proper current flow.
When conductive gels are used, the gel will create a glaze over the surface of the electrodes with long-term use. The glaze may prevent the flow of current over the entire electrode surface. Cleaning the electrode periodically with a mild soap and water and soft brush is recommended. It is not a good practice to use conducting mist sprays in lieu of other conducting agents. This is due to the saline content of the sprays which has been shown to destroy the carbon content of the electrode, thus rendering the electrode useless.
The Most Effective Electrodes For This Device MUST Have Some Silver within the Electrode & Are Re-usable.
TREATMENT FREQUENCIES While frequency ranges vary from manufacturer to manufacturer, basic therapy ranges are fairly consistent. Frequencies which vary from approximately 80Hz to 120Hz are considered most effective for acute pain while lower frequencies of perhaps 3Hz to 5Hz or 2Hz to 10Hz are preferred for the treatment of chronic pain. Some units feature a nerve block setting where both channels produce an output of 4000Hz to create an interferential nerve block to quickly block out acute pain. Most clinicians prefer a setting of 1 Hz to 15Hz for treating acute edema.
TREATMENT TIME When treating acute pain with the 80Hz to 120Hz setting, interferential therapy will provide a release of enkephalin with a treatment time of 10 to 12 minutes. Chronic pain, however, requires 15 to 20 minutes of the 3Hz to 15Hz setting to provide release of beta-endorphins. Nerve block techniques, 4000Hz, normally require 10 minutes or more depending upon the size of the area being treated.
INTENSITY OF CURRENT Interferential therapy provides a comfortable, soothing stimulation and should never be strong enough to cause any discomfort to the patient. Higher intensities should not be considered "better" as far as obtaining results. It is important to note that once the patients comfort level is established at the onset of therapy, the intensity should not be increased during the treatment. This could cause over stimulation of the tissue and even minor burns, particularly when treating with a unit that produces "true interferential" due to the Widensky inhibition effect.
RUSSIAN STIMULATION This procedure is utilized for muscle strength and rehabilitation and is an added feature of interferential units. Space does not permit adequate explanation of this technique at this time; however, Russian Stimulation may be the topic of a future article.
CONTRAINDICATIONS AND PRECAUTIONS Interferential therapy is considered a very safe modality when used properly for appropriate conditions. Most manufacturers list similar contraindications and precautions, most of which are the same as other electrotherapy devices. It is always recommended that the clinician review each manufacturer s warnings prior to treatment with any device.
Interferential Stimulator Devices Are Non-addictive!
TECHNICAL DATA AND SPECIFICATIONS
Carrier Frequency: 4000Hz., fixed
Interference Frequency: 4000 Hz
Difference Frequency: 1-150 Hz., adjustable
Output Voltage: 0-16 volts (through 500 ohms)
125 Microseconds for each phase
Four Frequency Shift
Interferential electrical stimulation's is a unique way of effectively delivering therapeutic frequencies to tissue. Conventional TENS and Muscle stimulators use discrete electrical pulses delivered at MUCH lower frequencies of 2-160 Hz per second.
However, Interferential stimulators use a fixed carrier frequency of 4,000 Hz per second and also a second adjustable frequency of 4,001-4,400 Hz per second.
When the fixed and adjustable frequencies combine (heterodyne), they produce the desired signal frequency (Interference frequency).
Interferential stimulation is concentrated at the point of intersection between the electrodes. This concentration occurs deep in the tissues as well as at the surface of the skin.
Customer Product Reviews Add a product review
Average rating is 5
West Des Moines,IA
Excellent System! Comes with everything you need to use it right away. Lowest price available online,fast shipping,Im very happy and when using it pain free!!
I just want to drop you a note on how pleased I am with this product and your service.I have had chronic back and neck pain for years. I already had a small electro muscle stim unit,but it wasn’t anything like the MPO 4000. This unit really works well and your free shipping was awesome. I got it in three days.Thank you again,and I will be buying from you again and I’ll send all my friends and family to you.
You May Also Like: